How to Start a Garden

Starting a garden is not only a way to get access to sustainably grown produce, it also reduces one’s stress levels. As a beginner intending to start a garden but who is unsure of the best place to start, behold a few tricks and tips on how to start a garden!

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These tips will give you the confidence you need to get started. What’s more, the methods covered will enable you to have fun as you embark on this new path.

Decide on What to Plant

This decision forms the foundation upon which all other steps will get their basis. Do you know what you would like to plant in your garden? It is best to start off small then work your way to a larger scale project as you better your skills.

An excellent place to begin would be by planting crops which you love to eat. If you have a family, all the better to cultivate crops which they can enjoy, thus saving the money you incur in buying veggies. You could also decide to grow herbs or flowers, based on your garden preferences. However, as you decide on a plant, you must research which plants do best in your region so that you do not end up cultivating crops needlessly.

The Location of Your Garden

Plants differ as to how much sunlight they require for them to do well. You will find that many vegetables and fruits need at least five hours of daylight each day for them to fruit. Greens, root vegetables, and herbs do best when growing in partially shaded environments. As such, depending on what you wish to cultivate, locate the garden to the north or the south of your compound for the best results.

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Ensure that the garden is accessible for maintenance practices such as watering. More often than not, gardens that are not in sight usually end up getting neglected. Also make considerations regarding wildlife, children, and pets.

Clearing

Now that you have settled on the perfect spot for your garden, it is time to get your hands dirty. Start by getting rid of the vegetation in the garden area. For fast clearing, you can dig out all the plants within a day. If you crave an easy time during clearance, you can smother the vegetation with newspaper. With five sheets, you can get the job done. However, if you are dealing with lawns such as Bermudagrass, you will need to add more paper.

Once the area is ready for cultivation, spread at least three inches of compost on the newspaper and wait. This method works for people who are willing to wait up to four months for both the paper and the compost matter to decompose. If you are in haste, you can dig out the weeds and move on to improving the soil.

Improvement

Soil requires enhancement before planting begins and the best way to do this is by using organic materials. Three layers of compost, decaying leaves or manure will do the trick. If you plan on digging into the soil, you should till the compost matter into the ground for the uptake of nutrients. However, if you wish to work with an existing bed or want to plant on the surface, let the manure lay on the soil.

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It is a great idea to have your soil tested before planting so that you can make amends to any deficiencies that you observe.

Time to Get Digging

Digging enables roots to have an easy time during penetration through the loosening of soil. However, digging can have adverse effects on the earth if conducted when the ground is very dry or very wet. To figure out whether you should dig your soil, try to form a ball with it and if the ball appears loose, you can commence digging.

If the ball does not come apart on dropping, do away with digging and instead, plant on the surface. With a spade, turn the top layers of the soil and slowly add the organic matter to it. When dealing with vegetable gardens and annual flower beds, turning of soil should take place only once a year.

Picking Your Crop

You have many choices, and they all depend on your climate, type of soil and amount of sunlight. You can go through catalogues or visit a nearby garden centre. If you know of a gardener in your area, you can seek their help.

As a beginner, you should go for manageable crops to cultivate then grow more complicated varieties once you get the hang of gardening. Such plants include sunflowers, pansies, cucumbers, lettuce, tomatoes, and peppers.

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Planting Time

Your planting period should be in line with your crops’ ability to handle the current climatic conditions. Some plants can do well even in the cold and you can plant them in rainy seasons. Others such as tomatoes do well in warm months, and you should plant them during such weather conditions.

Water

Without moisture, your plants will wither and die. Seedlings and transplants are especially sensitive to lack of water, and they quickly dry out. As such, ensure that you water your plants on a daily basis until they are mature such that they can go a few days without water. While watering, make sure that you do it slowly such that the plants can take in the water. Also be sure not to flood the plants as this can lead to rotting of the roots.

A good way to conserve water is to water the plants early in the morning or late in the evening.

Mulching

Mulching is a great way to minimize evaporation and to prevent the growth of weeds. A few inches of mulch should do the trick. You can get mulching material from your compound in the form of bark chips. When clearing the garden site, you can set aside the grass and dry it to create mulch for the crops. In this way, you get to protect the plants while adding organic manure to the garden over time.

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Maintenance

Be sure to put in some time to work on your garden on a regular basis. Practices such as getting rid of weeds and watering on a regular basis go a long way in maintaining a healthy garden.

These steps on how to start a garden will make your venture a breeze. You can heighten your efficiency levels by getting a garden shed from Quick Garden, which you can use to store your equipment. Their high-quality sheds can withstand snow and falling trees, thus ensuring that your gardening tools are safe.

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