How to Plant A Tree

Our current climatic conditions call for the planting of more trees so that future generations can survive in this world. With more trees, we can benefit from increased rainfall and cleaner air than we currently have. With the detailed steps on how to plant a tree below, you will have your tree planted in no time.

how to plant a tree

Tree Selection

What kind of tree will you plant? This choice will be determined by the area in which you live. You can get this information from the local council, and they can guide you on the conditions in which different trees do well. Alternatively, you can do your research on the trees which you can grow in your region without encountering many problems.

If your neighbours are growing trees, you can take some pointers from them, and they can even help you in the planting. Choose a location to plant your tree. The ideal site should have enough room such that when your tree reaches maturity, its canopy will not be deterred from spreading. You should also ensure that its roots can go deep into the ground and as such, you should avoid rocky regions.

Digging The Hole

Make a square hole in the ground in anticipation of the tree planting. When doing so, ensure that the tree hole is not too shallow. Ideally, it should not be deeper than the root ball. This amount of depth will enable the roots to spread to the surrounding soil without settling too low in the ground.

Digging The Hole

Prepare The Hole

Clear the hole of any debris and fill it with water. Wait twenty-four hours and check if the hole drains all the water within that period. This step enables you to determine if the location you chose is suitable for tree growing. If all the water percolates, it means that the roots will not stay immersed in water for long and they will not rot.

If the water does not percolate within a day, select another location, preferably to the opposite end of the first site. Repeat the digging and fill the hole with water to check for suitability.


This step is rarely necessary, and if possible, you should avoid it. However, there are some occasions when you require to get rid of some branches and roots. Prune any diseased, broken and dead sections of the plant. Make sure not to touch the healthy parts as this will affect the growth of roots and will delay the maturity of the tree.

An excellent way to avoid this process would be to select a healthy tree from the beginning, thus saving you time in planting.


Once you are sure that the tree is in healthy condition, set it in the hole. Do this by ensuring that the root collar, which lies just above the roots, is on the level ground. This kind of planting prevents the roots from being too low. While some people think that deep planting is a good idea, it is one of the leading causes of death in trees.

When planting, be sure to handle the tree by its root ball or the container with which it comes. Holding a young tree by the trunk could quickly lead to bruising which exposes it to infections. Your tree may have foreign objects in its root ball such as cords and plastic bags. Be sure to remove such materials, including burlap where applicable. As you do this, make a point of being gentle, or you could end up damaging the roots. Removal of these barriers allows water to penetrate into the rootlets and enables their expansion.

Filling The Hole

A lot of attention must go into the filling of the tree hole as it impacts the growth of your tree. When making the tree hole, set the soil removed on the side and use the same ground to fill it once you set the tree. Do not settle the earth with your hands as this could damage the tree’s roots. Instead, use water to compact the soil.

Filling The Hole

Sometimes, it is important to stake a tree for support. However, this should only take place with the go-ahead from a professional as stakes can affect a tree adversely. Ensure that the tree stake does not remain on the site for a period longer than twelve months.


Just like with other vegetation, trees require mulching so that they can conserve the water available to them. Mulch also prevents the growth of weeds and regulates temperatures. Once the mulch decomposes, it adds to the organic matter, therefore enriching the soil over time. Some good choices for mulching include wood chips and hay. When mulching, do it at least three inches deep and ensure that the materials do not touch the trunk for best results.


Your tree will require a lot of water during its first two years. Generally, a tree needs an average of seven gallons of water for each diameter inch of its trunk every week. It is advisable to water the tree once with an adequate amount of water as opposed to many small amounts. When watering your tree, be sure to avoid over-watering which could lead to the rotting of the roots. After the first two years, your tree will be in a position to rely on rainwater without drying up.



At an early age, your tree will require that you protect it from both animals and humans. You can do this by erecting wire mesh around it at least one metre high and one metre wide. You should also avoid the use of fertilizer during the first year as nitrogen can burn your tree’s roots and hamper its growth.

Trees not only provide us with shade and food, they also impact our climate to a large extent. The more trees we plant now, the better a future we have for us and the generations to come. With these easy steps on how to plant a tree, you can now take part in environmental conservation. Getting a garden shed from Quick Garden will help you in the completion of a serene natural environment right outside your doorstep. Their high-quality garden sheds blend in with the surroundings, allowing you to be one with nature.

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